All Federal Employees are subject to drug testing. Positive test results subjects the employee to disciplinary action up to removal from employment, depending on the nature and number of the offense. The following are the six types of drug testing:
Random Testing - Employees who occupy a “Testing Designated Position” will be randomly selected for drug testing without notice.
Pre-employment Testing - Drug testing is required of all individuals tentatively selected for employment who will be in a Testing Designated Position. Applicants who use illegal drugs will be screened out during the Pre-employment process.
Accident or Unsafe Practice Testing - Authorized drug testing of any employee involved in an on-the-job accident or who engages in unsafe, on duty, or job-related activity.
Reasonable Suspicion Testing - Drug testing is conducted when management has reason to believe an employee may be using illegal drugs. The suspicion can be based on facts such as observed drug usage, possession, or physical evidence such as being under the influence of drugs.
Voluntary Testing - Any employee who volunteers to participate in the unannounced random drug testing program.
Follow-Up Testing - Is the testing of employees who undergo a counseling or rehabilitation program for illegal drug use through the Civilian Employee Assistance Program (CEAP). The employees are subject to unannounced testing following the completion of the program for a minimum period of one year.